Gibraltar is a peninsula with an area of approximately seven square kilometres joined to the southern tip of Spain by an isthmus about half a kilometre long. The Rock of Gibraltar is one of the world’s famous landmarks and consists of limestone and is almost 425 metres high. The city of Gibraltar is located on the sloping west side of the rock and overlooks the bay of Algeciras. The coast of Morocco lies some 16 kilometres to the south across the straits.

The climate is Mediterranean.